Paper 4

Manual Testing Interview Questions & Answers Part-4

  1. What is Static Analysis?

Analysis of a program carried out without executing the program.

  1. What is Static Analyzer?

A tool that carries out static analysis.

  1. What is Static Testing?

Analysis of a program carried out without executing the program.

  1. What is Storage Testing?

Testing that verifies the program under test stores data files in the correct directories and that it reserves sufficient space to prevent unexpected termination resulting from lack of space. This is external storage as opposed to internal storage.

  1. What is Stress Testing?

Testing conducted to evaluate a system or component at or beyond the limits of its specified requirements to determine the load under which it fails and how. Often this is performance testing using a very high level of simulated load.

  1. What is Structural Testing?

Testing based on an analysis of internal workings and structure of a piece of software. See also White Box Testing.

  1. What is System Testing?

Testing that attempts to discover defects that are properties of the entire system rather than of its individual components.

  1. What is Testability?

The degree to which a system or component facilitates the establishment of test criteria and the performance of tests to determine whether those criteria have been met.

  1. What is Testing?

The process of exercising software to verify that it satisfies specified requirements and to detect errors. The process of analyzing a software item to detect the differences between existing and required conditions (that is, bugs), and to evaluate the features of the software item (Ref. IEEE Std 829). The process of operating a system or component under specified conditions, observing or recording the results, and making an evaluation of some aspect of the system or component. What is Test Automation? It is the same as Automated Testing.

  1. What is Test Bed?

An execution environment configured for testing. May consist of specific hardware, OS, network topology, configuration of the product under test, other application or system software, etc. The Test Plan for a project should enumerated the test beds(s) to be used.

  1. What is Test Case?

Test Case is a commonly used term for a specific test. This is usually the smallest unit of testing. A Test Case will consist of information such as requirements testing, test steps, verification steps, prerequisites, outputs, test environment, etc. A set of inputs, execution preconditions, and expected outcomes developed for a particular objective, such as to exercise a particular program path or to verify compliance with a specific requirement. Test Driven Development? Testing methodology associated with Agile Programming in which every chunk of code is covered by unit tests, which must all pass all the time, in an effort to eliminate unit-level and regression bugs during development. Practitioners of TDD write a lot of tests, i.e. an equal number of lines of test code to the size of the production code.

  1. What is Test Driver?

A program or test tool used to execute tests. Also known as a Test Harness.

  1. What is Test Environment?

The hardware and software environment in which tests will be run, and any other software with which the software under test interacts when under test including stubs and test drivers.

  1. What is Test First Design?

Test-first design is one of the mandatory practices of Extreme Programming (XP).It requires that programmers do not write any production code until they have first written a unit test.

  1. What is Test Harness?

A program or test tool used to execute a tests. Also known as a Test Driver.

  1. What is Test Plan?

A document describing the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of intended testing activities. It identifies test items, the features to be tested, the testing tasks, who will do each task, and any risks requiring contingency planning.

  1. What is Test Procedure?

A document providing detailed instructions for the execution of one or more test cases.

  1. What is Test Script?

Commonly used to refer to the instructions for a particular test that will be carried out by an automated test tool.

  1. What is Test Specification?

A document specifying the test approach for a software feature or combination or features and the inputs, predicted results and execution conditions for the associated tests.

  1. What is Test Suite?

A collection of tests used to validate the behavior of a product. The scope of a Test Suite varies from organization to organization. There may be several Test Suites for a particular product for example. In most cases however a Test Suite is a high level concept, grouping together hundreds or thousands of tests related by what they are intended to test.

  1. What is Test Tools?

Computer programs used in the testing of a system, a component of the system, or its documentation.

  1. What is Thread Testing?

A variation of top-down testing where the progressive integration of components follows the implementation of subsets of the requirements, as opposed to the integration of components by successively lower levels.

  1. What is Top Down Testing?

An approach to integration testing where the component at the top of the component hierarchy is tested first, with lower level components being simulated by stubs. Tested components are then used to test lower level components. The process is repeated until the lowest level components have been tested.

  1. What is Total Quality Management?

A company commitment to develop a process that achieves high quality product and customer satisfaction.

  1. What is Traceability Matrix?

A document showing the relationship between Test Requirements and Test Cases.

  1. What is Usability Testing?

Testing the ease with which users can learn and use a product.

  1. What is Use Case?

The specification of tests that are conducted from the end-user perspective. Use cases tend to focus on operating software as an end-user would conduct their day-to-day activities.

  1. What is Unit Testing?

Testing of individual software components.

  1. how do the companies expect the defect reporting to be communicated by the tester to the development team. Can the excel sheet template be used for defect reporting. If so what are the common fields that are to be included ? who assigns the priority and severity of the defect

To report bugs in excel:
Sno. Module Screen/ Section Issue detail Severity
Prioriety Issuestatus
this is how to report bugs in excel sheet and also set filters on the Columns attributes.
But most of the companies use the share point process of reporting bugs In this when the project came for testing a module wise detail of project is inserted to the defect management system they are using. It contains following field
1. Date
2. Issue brief
3. Issue description (used for developer to regenerate the issue)
4. Issue status( active, resolved, on hold, suspend and not able to regenerate)
5. Assign to (Names of members allocated to project)
6. Priority(High, medium and low)
7. Severity (Major, medium and low)

  1. How do you plan test automation?
    Prepare the automation Test plan
    2. Identify the scenario
    3. Record the scenario
    4. Enhance the scripts by inserting check points and Conditional Loops
    5. Incorporated Error Handler
    6. Debug the script
    7. Fix the issue
    8. Rerun the script and report the result
    122. Does automation replace manual testing?
    There can be some functionality which cannot be tested in an automated tool so we may have to do it manually. therefore manual testing can never be replaced. (We can write the scripts for negative testing also but it is hectic task)when we talk about real environment we do negative testing manually.
  2. How will you choose a tool for test automation?

choosing of a tool depends on many things …
1. Application to be tested
2. Test environment
3. Scope and limitation of the tool.
4. Feature of the tool.
5. Cost of the tool.
6. Whether the tool is compatible with your application which means tool should be able to interact with your application
7. Ease of use

  1. How you will evaluate the tool for test automation?

We need to concentrate on the features of the tools and how this could be beneficial for our project. The additional new features and the enhancements of the features will also help.